What is lymphedema?
Lymphedema - slowly progressive swelling of the skin and subcutis, due to impaired flow of the lymph system. It can be primary (congenital) or secondary (acquired). It is shown by lymphatic fluid retention in the tissues. The decreace in lymph fluid draining and the fluid buildup leads to a large swelling. There is a feeling of heaviness or tightness and even a restricted range of motion. As etiology of the disease, the primary lymphedema is divided into the following 3 main types: congenital, lymphedema praecox and lymphedema tarda. Congenital lymphedema manifests at birth, praecox arises during puberty and lymphoedema tarda manifests later in life, usualy in persons older than 35 years.
What causes of lymphedema?
The primary lymphedema is extremely rare congenital disease and it is caused by a congenital abnormality in the lymphatic system.
The secondary lymphedema is a consequence of other diseases. Usually caused by an acquired defect in the lymphatic system caused after malignancy and cancer treatement, surgery, radiotherapy and others.
What are the symptoms of lymphedema?
Lymphedema usually affects the lower limbs. The first symptoms of this disease are swelling and pigmentation. The skin of the affected area becomes taut and its color darkens. When the disease progressed it restricts the range of motion.
What treatments are recommended for lymphoedema?
Depending on severity of the disease and the type of lymphedema, a different type of treatement is recommended. Feel welcome to the office of Dr. Kyuchukov to find the best way to deal with your problem.
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